Electronics is the set of techniques for the design, simulation, manufacturing and testing of components and systems used for the transmission and processing of information (text, image, video, etc.) but also for interfacing the sensors and actuators with the world of software. Digital electronics now represent the most important part (logic circuits, processors, memories), but analogue electronics are still essential in interfaces with sensors and actuators. In a world largely dominated by energy considerations, power components and circuits are of particular importance.

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