This field proposes a critical study of knowledge and cognition in general, of all disciplines and their mutual relationships (interdisciplinarity). It responds for each particular science (local epistemology) to the definition of objects, boundaries, the production of evidence, principles and methods, within their reach. It documents the great debates and presents the controversies. The epistemological perspective is therefore precious both for the progress and seriousness of the sciences themselves and for their social and political, and even environmental, record.

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